The Teaching Fraternity is active, vibrant, patient, versatile, proficient and well equipped to hone the skills and to nurture the creativity of the students in the most innovative ways.They as Facilitators interact periodically during their Parent Teacher Meetings with their parents as partners and strive to instill fondness and a joy for learning by filling the treasure box of every child with colour and sunshine.
To ensure that teachers stay abreast with the latest teaching strategies and methodologies, workshops are conducted regularly, in an endeavour to provide them with a platform to learn and grow and thus enhance their professional skills.
The most valuable resource that all teachers have is each other. Without collaboration our growth is limited to our own perspective.
– Robert John Meehan
Education needs to keep pace with changing times. It is no longer about ‘knowing’ but requires us to focus on creating a learning environment that provides young minds with a comprehensive and a well rounded education. Teachers have an important task to play as they shape future generations. They must be knowledgeable and creative. To keep them abreast with the latest teaching methodologies,a workshop was organised for the Staff of The Modern School Gzb. (Raj Nagar Ext. & Vasundhara) at Modern Early Years, Vasundhara, Gzb. on Saturday, 21st July,2018.
The Branch Head, Ms.Manju Mehra welcomed all present, with a befitting poem ‘The Heart of a Teacher’ by Paula J. Fox, with a message ‘It’s not the subjects that matter, It’s all about teaching the child.’ She introduced the Resource Persons for the day, Ms. Sunita Malkani & Ms. Apjit Bassi, currently working with Millennium Publication, experts in conducting workshop for Social Studies and Science & also associated formerly with PEAS.
Ms.Malkani and Ms.Bassi,began the workshop, with the introduction of the 5 E’s of Education;
They involved teachers in many experiential activities, which could be implemented in the classrooms related to the topics: ‘Water’ and ‘Transport’, revolving around the 5 E’s .They stated that, for a child, words were not important,’Words, words, word, I am tired of words.. Show Me…’—-My Fair Lady. Students ought to be engaged in activities, to develop their critical thinking, to be able to reach their full potential.
The Workshop concluded by Ms.Mehra thanking Ms.Malkani and Ms.Bassi, for the interactive, practical and enriching session and presentingthem with a small token of appreciation on behalf of The Modern Family.
She motivated all the teachers to keep learning and never cease to grow by quoting,
‘Learning experiences are like journeys. The journey starts where the learning is now, and ends when the learner is successful. The end of the journey isn’t knowing more, it’s doing more.’
— Julie Dirksen
‘Minds are like parachutes, they only function when they are open.
– James Dewar
An Educator is person who helps others to acquire knowledge, competences and values. At Modern , Learning is unending , not only for students but also for teachers. Looking ahead to yet another opportunity to learn , a Workshop was conducted by Ms. Alka Patankar on the topic ‘Active Minds’ for the teachers of The Modern School Gzb. (Raj Nagar Ext. &Vasundhara ) at Modern Early Years , Vasundhara on Friday , 29th June,2018.
Introducing the Resource Person for the day, the Branch Head, Ms.Manju Mehra , shared with all that , Ms. Patankar began her teaching career 35 years back. She had been associated with many premium school like St.Colombas New Delhi, Convent of Jesus and Mary, Dehradun, St.Joesph’s , Mumbai to name a few and also had the experience of teaching in an International Environment at Al Khor International School,Qatar.She had done her diploma in Child Psychology from Glasgow and specialized in teaching young, impressionable children in Pre-Primary and Primary Schools. Recently she had retired from a full time career in teaching from the prestigious Sanskriti School, Chanakyapuri.
Ms. Patankar started the Workshop on a positive note of ‘Bin it, Bag it and Bring forward’ all the stress, explaining how this was applicable not only in the case of teachers but also for the students. She then discussed the importance of identifying the different types of learners in a classroom
and teaching accordingly with suitable teaching tools perhaps using some as suggested by her from her treasure bag.
Ms. Patankar stated that there was no right way of teaching and no fixed style either. Each child was unique and we needed to adopt the right approach and incorporate different activities like puzzles, audio books, flashcards, tic-tac-toe, flow charts , venn diagrams, in our teaching as found appropriate for the aforementioned types of learners.
Ms. Patankar engaged teachers, in some ‘out of the box’ activities for hands on learning experience, which teachers could implement in their classrooms – Simon says, Whoosh Story, Clap and Tap, Categories, Conscious Alley , Preposition Game, Thought Tracking, are to name a few.
Ms. Mehra concluded the session by acknowledging the lively spirit of Ms.Patankar for conducting such an innovative, child- centric and activity oriented workshop. She recapitulated the salient features of the workshop with emphasis on the saying ‘Give me a fish and I will eat for a day ,Teach me to fish and I will eat for a life-time’. She wrapped up the session on a positive note, by sharing with the teachers some vital tips to build the character of their students.
‘Children require guidance and sympathy, far more than instruction’ and teachers should , she said
We had a formidable role to play in the lives of our students. Looking upon our colleagues as our strengths we should endeavour to help our students and school forge ahead towards a Great Future ‘!
‘Learning gives creativity,
Creativity leads to thinking,
Thinking provides knowledge,
Knowledge makes you great.
– Abdul Kalam
On Thursday, 28th June, 2018, an educational workshop was conducted by Ms. Neena Maini, on the topic ‘The Thinking Class’ for the teaching fraternity of The Modern School Gzb. (Raj Nagar Ext. & Vasundhara) at Modern Early Years , Vasundhara.
The Branch Head Ms. Mehra, welcomed Ms. Maini and briefly shared her profile with all present – ‘An experienced professional, working with schools across India for more than three decades, Ms. Maini has been a teacher at Raghubir Singh Junior Modern School and thereafter been the Headmistress of the reputed Venkateshwar International School, Banyan Tree and of the prestigious Indian School. She has also been a part of the Australian Bridge Teacher Exchange Programme, an education training consultant with the British Council and attended IB Workshops.’
Ms. Maini began the session with an inspiring quote – ‘Education is not the learning of facts but the training of the mind to think’ -Albert Einstein and went on to say, that it was imperative for teachers to develop the six C’s in their students:
She suggested that teachers should incorporate the aforementioned in their daily lessons, so that students become confident, independent and also develop a strong moral character.
Teachers as they sat group wise were given the task of chalking out a lesson plan related to one of the above assigned to them and their group leader thereafter shared their prepared content with all present.
Ms Maini emphasised that , it was also important to involve students in the four P’s :
She added that teachers should plan their lessons keeping in mind the Integrated Teaching Approach and Bloom’s Taxonomy.
She concluded by saying, that teaching should be engaging and students ought to be provided with a favourable platform to ask questions, explore and discover, using Multiple Intelligences. Teachers should come down to the level of their students and strive to establish a bond with the child, so that learning becomes a joy for the learner.
Ms. Manju Mehra, thanked Ms. Maini for a lively, interactive, engaging ,comprehensive and an enriching Workshop, strongly reminding teachers to carry their learning into the classrooms. She concluded with an extract titled ‘What is the function of a Teacher?’ leaving the teachers with food for thought…
‘A teacher has taught only, when the child has learnt’.
and therefore we should in our students
To make teachers realise their innate power she concluded with her emphatic statement ‘God has chosen us for a particular mission. Each of us has a job to do that nobody else in the world can do. Hence we ought to do our jobs sincerely, with grit, commitment and determination!
‘You can’t use up creativity. The more you use, the more you have’.
On 23rd May 2018, an educational workshop was conducted on K P L Learning Tools at Modern Early Years, Vasundhara. The team explained and gave first hand experience, by practical demonstration of the learning tools provided by them to the teachers to make ‘learning interesting, creative and permanent’ as it is believed that ‘All children can explode into Learning’, if teaching is aptly supplemented with audio-visual and kinesthetic aids.
The Resource Team comprising of, Ms.Pallavi, Ms.Renuka and Ms. Aneema elaborated on the Pre-Learning Kit, Maths Kit, Language Kit for both Hindi & English, Discovery Kit, Health and Hygiene Kit and the other resources like – Class Calendar and Multi-purpose wooden board. Through their attractive and colourful teaching manipulatives, K P L strives to make the ‘teaching- learning’ process a joy for both the teacher as well as the student. Teachers were provided with a suitable platform to update their teaching skills in the course of the workshop, which was both interactive and participative. Ms. Renuka was extremely lively, expressive, articulate and convincing. Teachers went home with the realisation…..
Tell me and I forget,
Teach me and I remember,
Involve me and I learn.
– Benjamin Franklin
‘Technology will never replace great teachers, but technology in the hands of great teachers is transformational’ – George Couros
A Workshop was conducted on Saturday, 17th March, 2018, by ‘Extramarks’, an ongoing process , at The Modern School, Ghaziabad, Raj Nagar Ext., to make the learning a fun- filled experience for the students. The Teaching Fraternity of both the branches, Raj Nagar Extension & Vasundhara, attended the workshop. The session was all about making teachers familiar with the updated version of Extramarks, so that they could use the new software installed effectively and efficiently.
The Resource person, Ms. Kriti Narula ,commenced the workshop, by asking teachers if they had any queries, regarding the software they were using, suggestions for any additions required by them in the content as per their syllabus , and how they could make it more effective and comprehensive for students. This was followed by a quick recap with the teachers about the subheads of Extra Edge: Lingo Coral, Maths Lab, Mathemania, Interactive Manchitra, Study Tool, Little Scientists at work, to name a few. She also introduced ‘Plan My Curriculum’ to the teachers so that they could plan their lessons accordingly with inputs of suitable videos and presentations , to supplement their teaching ,well in advance, for a meaningful session with the students. There after the queries of the teachers were discussed and explained on the Extra Marks interactive board. Teachers got clarifications, for many of their doubts & queries related to the content, usage and operations.
It was indeed a much required, informative and helpful session, at the onset of the New Academic Session(2018-19)!
‘Never be a knowledge transfer school….but be a learning school’
On 3rd February 2018, Ms. Mridul Jain, an Educationist for the past 20 years, currently associated with Madhuban Publications, conducted a Workshop for the Teachers of The Modern School Gzb. Raj Nagar Extension and Vasundhara at Modern Early Years Vasundhara, on the topic -Handling Slow Learners and Discipline and Behavioural skills.
Ms Manju Mehra,the Branch Head, welcomed Ms Jain, on behalf of the Modern Family and introduced her to all present. She began the proceedings by sharing an excerpt from the poem ‘I am Special, so Are you…’ by Vanessa Ohri, embodying the message of each one of us being unique with different strengths, talents and surprises !
‘So love who you are, in life have an aim
Be happy to be special not boringly same
Be who you are……Do what you do’
‘Life is still beautiful’……. ‘Match the Pace and Groom the Unruly’ using the aforesaid one liners, Ms. Mridul Jain started the workshop on a very lively and a positive note. She explained that teachers ought to set realistic achieveable targets, the goals should not be the same for each child as every child is different from one another and special in his/her own way. Teachers should come down to the level of the students and deal with them accordingly .They should love them ,respect them and give them a sense of security and never brand or demean a child. Teachers played a formidable role in touching the lives of the children. They should reward the child for his/her achievements! The teacher is an ocean and a child is a vessel… The teacher ought to fill the vessel according to the capacity and the capability of the child. The teacher should act as a Facilitator and not as an instructor. She should make her class a learning area more than a discipline area… Strive to ‘BE A MENTOR RATHER THAN A TEACHER’.
She emphasised that the connect between the teacher and the student was of utmost importance.She explained the difference between knowledge and skills & spoke on the three kinds of Life skills –Social ,Emotional & Cognitive, about the four different kinds of learners-visual, auditory, kinesthetic and tactile & added some learning styles to it as well – Logical, Social Solitary and Verbal. She added that Discipline and Responsibility ought to come from within and that ‘Every behavior has a function and that Behaviour never happens in vacuum.’ She listed effective tips for unmotivated students-vary ones teaching style ,provide hands on activities ,praise students’ efforts and accomplishments ,be warm…….. to name a few! She spoke about the seating plan of the students not in the traditional manner but one favourable for group & pair work to enable access to all parts of the room, display children’s work on the Class Board & guided teachers on devising Attention Signals such as ‘Quiet’, ‘Time to Clean Up’, ‘Raise Your Hand’ etc.
Some of her examples were witty & humorous and her video clippings inserted aptly made the session really meaningful !Her suggestions of putting up rules ,repeating them & involving students in pitching in to frame them, were really well taken in by the teachers!
Ms Vinita Roy, Headmistress of the Senior Secondary Wing , proposed the Vote of Thanks. The teachers when asked by Ms Mehra to come up with be-fitting Adjectives described it as awesome ,practical, enriching, interactive, fruitful , beneficial etc.
Ms Jain came across as a very passionate teacher, a perfect role model who taught everyone to work with sincerity and lead by example! All the teachers received Certificates of Participation and were told to fill up a Feed Back Form.
‘Effective teachers have a classroom management plan with all the procedures necessary for a classroom to run consistently and smoothly for learning to take place.’
-Harry & Rosemary Wong
In any class it is important to vary the activity type to maintain the interest of the different types of learners of different age groups and learning capacities.
On 11th January 2018, a Departmental Meeting was held at Modern School, Barakhamba Road. The faculty members of all the upcoming branches of The Modern School participated. The meeting was presided over by the Academic Director, Ms Neelam Puri, the Heads and Coordinators.
The endeavour of the meeting was to ascertain that the Curriculum was thoughtfully chalked out & the Syllabus Booklets devised for the forthcoming Academic Session 2018-19 were comprehensive & well planned, ensuring creativity & uniformity in all the branches. Teachers discussed the topics to be covered in the various subjects, shared their innovative teaching methodologies/strategies with each other, discussed commonly encountered issues and how to deal with them. Inputs from the Teacher representatives of all the Classes facilitated a healthy amalgamation of ideas .Undoubtedly, everyone learnt from each other without any inhibition and understood that they could do better if they were each other’s strength!
Colours are the smiles of nature
In any class it is important to vary the activity type to maintain the interest of the different types of learners of different age groups and learning capacities.
Ms. Shalini Shukla & Ms. Cheena Garg attended an Art Teachers’ Meet, organized by Kokuyo Camlin Ltd., at Indirapuram Public School, Indirapuram, to develop the aesthetic skills of the teachers. The workshop’s main objective was to integrate art in the classrooms to ensure the holistic and creative growth of the students. Art engages the students’ senses in open-ended play and develops their cognitive, social, emotional and sensory – motor skills.
Some new range of art products were also launched during the session. Based on these, special demonstrations and various art techniques were taught.
The workshop provided all present with a new dimension and perspective in the field of Art & exposed them to various new medium and techniques. The experience was truly enriching, in terms of imparting knowledge and details regarding the nitty-gritties of colours with emphasis on the dictum,
‘Knowledge increases by sharing but not by saving’
Ms Akshma Gaur, from Modern Early Years, Vasundhara, attended a Workshop on the ‘English Faculty Development Programme’/ELT, conducted by MACMILLAN EDUCATION, a Publisher of English Language teaching and school curriculum materials, at St. Mary’s Christian School, Sahibabad.
The Guest speaker, Ms. Manju Sehgal, emphatically stated that English is a vital recruitment skill today and the third most widely spoken language in the global world. She emphasised on different types of approaches related to effective learning & on generating a set of questions and listening to the answers. The aim of the workshop was to infuse commitment amongst teachers, to develop English communication skills in the most effective way in their students. The workshop emphasized on fluency, followed by the accuracy of the English Language using innovative methods, to strengthen:
The teachers were free to decide, which approach was suitable for their respective classrooms.
The workshop concluded on a positive note , that effective classroom management is more than just administering corrective measures, and is best achieved by establishing an interesting positive learning environment which should always be a two-way communication. Teachers gained expert knowledge & returned with renewed motivation!
‘Human Potential, though not always apparent, is there waiting to be discovered and invited forth’
-William W. Purkey
A workshop, conducted by Ms. Chitra Ravi, founder & CEO Chrysalis, on the Introduction of the new education system, that brings out extraordinary human potential in every child, was attended by Ms Hemun Walia . The session evolved around the hidden potential in every child with emphasis on the proven fact that it is for the Facilitators to explore and nurture it. We can achieve the best in a child when the continuous process of thinking across the four domains is provided – social, emotional, cognitive& metacognitive skills. The education system needed a drastic reform ! Instead of a teacher asking questions, the child’s inquisitiveness should be aroused & he/she should be given a platform to ask questions, so that their hidden talents can be explored for the betterment of their future. The workshop concluded on a positive note, with food for thought for all present, that the education system should move from Answer base to Question base. The endeavour being to stimulate and enhance the thinking skills & problem solving strategies amongst children !
‘Your life as a teacher begins the day you realize that you are always a learner.’
Robert John Meehan
Jodo Gyan, an organization, working towards finding workable solutions for the commonly faced problems in classroom practices, organised an informative and interesting workshop on 29th& 30th November, 2017, for the enrichment of teachers, at Jodo Gyan Resource Centre, Delhi. This was attended by our Faculty member of Modern Early Years, Vasundhara, Ms Cheena Garg (Class Teacher-P1).
The main objective of the workshop was to train teachers, how to introduce abstract mathematical concepts in a practical way and to adopt innovative methods and strategies, so that children could understand and enjoy what they were being taught in Mathematics.
Various concepts & innumerable activities were demonstrated through Jodo Gyan tools such as Ganit Mala, Rangometry, Jodo Straws, Akar Parivar. Participants were asked to arrange these colorful shapes (Akar Parivar) to form a design. In another activity, which focused on the concept of less & more – (Comparison of numbers) teachers learnt how to create a design with specific number of shapes .The session also brought to the surface that children do not ‘want’ to solve the word problems because they are not “engaging” enough and incorporating the activities of Jodo Gyan would help to make the student a logical thinker. It was felt that teachers ought to frame engaging word problems in keeping with the age group of the students.
‘Tell me and I forget. Teach me and I remember. Involve me and I learn.’
On Saturday, 11th November, 2017, a Workshop on the ‘Effective Teaching of Grammmar’ conducted by Dr. Sabina Pillai, a resource person for Teacher Development, was organized by Oxford Press , in the premises of the Maharaja Agarsain Public School, Vasundhara . It was attended by 4 members of the Teaching Faculty from Modern Early Years, Vasundhara-Ms Ankita Chaudhary, Ms Charu Verma, Ms Diksha Ummet and Ms Shweta Khattar.
Grammar is a set of rules and examples dealing with syntax and word structures (morphology) of a language. The aim of the workshop was to bridge the gap between a mother tongue and the second language i.e. English in such a way that the students embrace language in the most effective way. The workshop emphasized on fluency , followed by the accuracy of the English Language using the latest methods, which included recognition of Grammatical structures , and a study of one’s native grammar which is helpful in co-relation with English Grammar and interpretation of the literary and the non-literary text.
The Guest speaker also stressed on the psychological and social barriers along with the three domains, cognitive, affective and psychomotor parameters and the best possible methods to be adopted in the classroom so that students learn the English Language skilfully.
The workshop concluded on a positive note, that effective classroom management is more than just administering corrective measures, and is best achieved by establishing an interesting positive learning environment which should always be a two-way communication.
Teachers gained expert knowledge & returned with renewed motivation!
A joint Workshop, was conducted by ‘Extra Marks’, an ongoing process for the Teaching Fraternity of The Modern School, Ghaziabad (Raj Nagar Extension & Vasundhara) at the Raj Nagar Ext. Campus. All the teachers participated fervently and with complete involvement. The interactive session was conducted by Ms Kriti Narula. She informed the teachers of the additions which had been made in the existing software & also about the modifications in the content. Firstly, she updated the teachers about the subheads of Extra Edge: Lingo Coral, Maths Lab, Mathemania, Interactive Manchitra, Study Tool, Little Scientists at work, to name a few. She also suggested how a topic could be introduced and taught in a creative manner to arouse the interest of the students and simultaneously make the lesson more thought provoking, ensuring permanency in the learning. The session was followed by a question & answer round in which the teachers were asked questions randomly and they were told to pen down their answers. It was a very exciting round which all enjoyed. Thereafter the answers were discussed and explained on the Extra Marks interactive board. The teachers derived answers for many of their doubts & queries related to the content, usage and operations’.
A Fruitful Session indeed!
‘God used beautiful mathematics in creating the world’…. Paul Dirac
A workshop on Innovative Methods of Teaching Mathematics was conducted at St. Teresa School on Tuesday, 26th September, 2017 by Mr. Jose Paul , Ex-Director , Educational Planning group , St. Xavier’s school. Founder member and coordinator, Mr. Jose Paul has authored numerous mathematics textbooks and many resource books for teachers . He is an author of Mathscope, New Enjoying Mathematics and Discovering Sense , published by Oxford University Press India .
Mathematics is a language of symbols and mathematical concepts are learnt in the process of a two way communication between the teacher and child. The perspective of this interactive session on activity based learning was to make the study of mathematics fun-filled & interesting for the child. The Guest Speaker, with his expertise of 17 years, gave beautiful live examples, of how mathematics is related with surroundings-music, art, dance to name a few.
The workshop was attended by our Faculty Members Ms. Akanksha Goel & Ms. Mansi Passi. The teachers came back enriched with a bag of fresh ideas to share with their colleagues, to implement them in their class-room lessons and thus make their teaching enjoyable and more permanent !
‘The only true teacher is
he who can convert himself
as it were into a thousand persons
at a moment’s notice, who can
immediately come down to the
level of the student and transfer
his soul to the student’s soul
and see through the student’s eyes
and hear through his ears
and understand through his mind’
A motivational Teacher Training Workshop , was conducted by Ms. Kitty Rajpal, at Modern Early Years, Vasundhara, on Friday, 30th June, 2017 along with the teachers of the Senior Secondary Wing of Raj Nagar Extension. As a prelude to the proceedings, the Branch Head, Ms. Manju Mehra, showed an inspiring video on the latest version of the story of ‘The rabbit and the turtle’ with the underlying moral that one can achieve ones goal and objectives better through team work. She reiterated that if we continued to be each other’s strength we would certainly take our upcoming school to glorious heights of success.
The workshop that followed , was conducted by Ms. Kitty Rajpal, an experienced Special Educator, an alumini of Presentation Convent , a passionate ex-teacher and a Co-ordinator of her alma mater for 28 and 15 years respectively. The topics she dealt with were active learning and improving the concentration span of the students, word building, brain storming techniques and teaching strategies. At the onset she played an instrumental song on meditation and thereafter made the faculty members dance on a hip hop number. In her lively interactive and engaging manner, she guided the teachers on effective teaching strategies in the classroom , such as taking children for a nature walk in the campus , creating a library corner in the classroom, playing a drum/ using a whistle to maintain discipline . She cited examples for encouraging students, and advised teachers to ‘never be judgemental’ of their students rather , always give them suggestions and advice to improve. She asked the teachers to discuss their issues and problems, gave them tips on improving the concentration span of the children, and also of creating an atmosphere of active learning in the classroom. She discussed how to teach phonic sounds (A to Z) using different strategies like by reciting a rhyme, narrating a story, by using the newspaper etc. She advised teachers to always use bright colours and to incorporate games in their classroom teaching. She concluded , by sharing some wonderful thoughts that , the teacher should lead by example and be a role model for their kids , should build the confidence level in their children by loving them/ giving them a warm hug. She motivated the teachers to always work as a team and that their motto should be ‘I will do my best to bring the best in my child’ and should always endeavour to give their 100% to the child.
The Branch Head, Ms. Manju Mehra, expressed her sincere thanks and gratitude to Ms. Kitty Rajpal for sparing her invaluable time from her busy schedule and being with them. The Workshop can be summed up as being awesome, rejuvenating, interactive, practical, fruitful, enriching as described by the teachers when asked by Ms. Mehra for their feedback at the end of the session.
‘The mediocre teacher tells.
The good teacher explains.
The superior teacher demonstrates.
The great teacher inspires.’
William Arthur Ward
As a part of the Teacher Training Programmes organised by the institution, a workshop was conducted for the Faculty Members of both Modern Early Years, Vasundhara and the Senior Secondary Wing of The Modern School at Raj Nagar Extension by Ms Roma Jain, a Parent and Student Counsellor and an author with Viva Books Pvt Ltd . The Branch Head of the Vasundhara Campus, Ms Manju Mehra , introduced the Resource Person and elaborated on her versatility and credentials .She expressed her gratitude to Ms Jain for having accepted the invitation despite her busy schedule.
The Guest Speaker, Ms Roma Jain, elaborated on
The workshop was interactive and interspersed with examples of class room situations to which the teachers could easily relate to. This made it meaningful, practical, extremely beneficial and indeed an enriching experience for the Staff members.
Ms Vinita Roy, the Headmistress of the Senior Secondary Wing, applauded Ms Jain for such an engaging and a comprehensive session. The positive comments and statements of the teachers are testimony to the fact that the aims and objectives of the Workshop had been well achieved!
|01||Thursday||20.04.2017||Modern School, Poorvi Marg, Vasant Vihar, New Delhi||Guidance based School Education- The Emerging Concept||Ms. Cheena Garg and Ms. Reema Rachel|